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Effectiveness of Mangrove Forests in Surface Wave Attenuation: A Review

Hashim, Ahmad Mustafa and Catherine, Sim Mong Pheng (2013) Effectiveness of Mangrove Forests in Surface Wave Attenuation: A Review. [Citation Index Journal]

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Official URL: http://maxwellsci.com/jp/abstract.php?jid=RJASET&n...

Abstract

For once, mangrove forests were surprisingly resistant to the forceful impacts of the Indian Ocean Tsunami of December 2004 which swept away entire villages and caused the deaths of approximately 200,000 people. It was reported that human death and loss of property were significantly reduced in areas of dense mangrove forests in southeastern India. As the importance of mangrove is gaining attention lately, numerous countries have started to replant mangroves for coastal protection. This study discusses the extensive researches that have been conducted to study the role of mangrove forests in wave energy dissipation. These include field measurements, numerical studies and laboratory experiments. The findings illustrate that mangrove species, density, forest width, forest structure, age, water depth and incident wave height are among the factors affecting the performance of mangroves in attenuating waves. Dense forest, larger forest width, bigger trunk diameter and higher wave height resulted in relatively more wave energy dissipation by mangroves.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:Field observation; laboratory experiment; mangrove; numerical studies; surface wave attenuation
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Academic Subject One:Academic Department - Civil Engineering - Water and environment - Water
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Civil Engineering
Mission Oriented Research > Sustainable Development
ID Code:9840
Deposited By: AP Ahmad Mustafa Hashim
Deposited On:11 Jul 2013 00:08
Last Modified:12 Jul 2013 00:13

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