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Prediction of Heating Values of Oil Palm Fronds from Ultimate Analysis

Elneel, R. and Sulaiman, S. A. and Ariwahjoedi, B. (2013) Prediction of Heating Values of Oil Palm Fronds from Ultimate Analysis. Journal of Applied Sciences, 13 (3). pp. 491-196. ISSN 1812-5654

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Abstract

The heating value is one of the most important properties of biomass materials, as it can be used for design calculations or numerical simulations of the thermal conversion systems of biomass. The heating value can be determined experimentally or numerically. The determination of the heating value experimentally (by using a bomb calorimeter) involves laborious measurements while an ultimate analysis can be performed using automatic equipment. In this study, a multiple linear regression analysis was used to develop an empirical equation for the estimation of the higher heating value of Oil Palm Fronds (OPFs) using an ultimate analysis. An empirical equation based on the main elements carbon, hydrogen and oxygen (HHV = 0.879C+0.321H+0.056O-24.826) was the most accurate model, with a correlation coefficient (R2) of 0.92, Average Absolute Error (AAE) of 1.4% and Average Bias Error (ABE) of 0.16%.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Academic Subject One:Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Energy - Sustainable energy - Biomass
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Mission Oriented Research > Energy
ID Code:9017
Deposited By: Dr Ir Shaharin A Sulaiman
Deposited On:11 Jul 2013 00:08
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:21

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