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Soot Reduction Strategy: A Review

Al-Wakeel, Haitham and Abdul Karim, Z. A. and Mat Jamlus, M. H. (2012) Soot Reduction Strategy: A Review. Journal of Applied Sciences, 12 (23). pp. 2338-2345. ISSN 1812-5654

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Abstract

This paper provides a review of soot particles generation and their influence on air pollution and illustrates the diesel particulate matter emission regulation, composition, and characterization including size, shape, process, and oxidation. The paper also discusses the effect of temperature, pressure, air/fuel ratio, exhaust flow rate, fuel type on soot process and heat release from soot combustion. The used of filter regeneration strategies for reducing soot emission from vehicles, stationary plants, and factories due to the burning of diesel fuel have been presented with advantage and disadvantage of each method. The various strategies include catalyst, fuel injection, electric heating, engine operation condition control, non-thermal plasma, and absorbed microwave energy. The practical feasibility for soot oxidation by microwave heating technique has been explained depending on soot material property. The proposed new technique utilizing the reflected and absorbed energies of microwave for soot reduction strategy is presented to develop a new emission after-treatment system. The new system will be modeled and simulated using appropriate software. The simulation results will be validated experimentally.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Academic Subject One:Combustion Pollutants
Academic Subject Two:Electromagnetic Waves
Academic Subject Three:particulate Matter
Departments / MOR / COE:Centre of Excellence > Centre for Automotive Research
Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Mission Oriented Research > Energy
ID Code:8961
Deposited By: AP Dr Zainal Ambri Abdul Karim
Deposited On:28 Feb 2013 14:34
Last Modified:28 Feb 2013 14:34

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