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Mitigation of Bridging Problem in Biomass Gasification by a Novel Approach

Guangul, F. M. and Sulaiman, S. A. (2013) Mitigation of Bridging Problem in Biomass Gasification by a Novel Approach. [Citation Index Journal]

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Abstract

The downward flow of the feedstock in the gasification process of fixed bed gasifiers is dictated by the force of gravity. However, in case of low density feedstock, such as agricultural crop straws, softwood chips, rice husk, etc., the flow is adversely affected by bridging and as a consequence the stability and results of the process can be hampered. In this study, a novel method is introduced for solving the problem of bridging in oil palm fronds gasification process. For the process of gasification single throat downdraft gasifier was used. In the experiment, after feeding the gasifier with 9 kg of oil palm fronds, 4 kg of 7 metal scraps were placed on top of the feedstock in order to increase the weight and enhance the downward flow. By applying metal scraps the problem of bridging was solved and stable gasification process was obtained. As a result of stable operation of the process, the percentage of combustible components of the syngas was improved. CO was increased from 15.4 to 22.8, CH4 from 1.7 to 1.9 and H2 from 8.4 to 9.6 in volume percentage. In addition, higher heating value was increased from 3.7 to 4.8 MJ Nm-3 and equivalent ratio was decreased from 0.29 to 0.27. The average oxidation temperature in the oxidation zone was also improved from 623 to 828°C.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Academic Subject One:Mission Oriented Research - Green Technologies - Solar - Edible feedstock - Gasification - Value added (boilubricant, biopolymer)
Academic Subject Two:Academic Department - Mechanical Engineering - Energy - Sustainable energy - Biomass
Academic Subject Three:Mission Oriented Research - Green Technologies - Biomass - Feasibility study - Emission studies - Bio fuel (transportation fuel, ethanol, diesel, gasoline, higher alcohol, biobutanol)
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Mission Oriented Research > Energy
ID Code:8838
Deposited By: Dr Ir Shaharin A Sulaiman
Deposited On:16 Jan 2013 02:07
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:21

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