Investigation of the Hygroscopic Property of Oil Palm Fronds for Gasification Process

Guangul, F. M. and Sulaiman, S. A. and Moni, M. N. Z. and Atnaw, Samson Mekbib and Konda, R. E. (2012) Investigation of the Hygroscopic Property of Oil Palm Fronds for Gasification Process. In: 3rd International Conference on Production, Energy and Reliability, 12-14 June 2012, Kuala Lumpur.

[img] PDF
Restricted to Registered users only



Malaysia has abundant, but unutilized oil palm fronds waste. The lack of knowledge on the characteristics of biomass is considered as one of the barriers for not utilizing it as a source of energy. Particularly, determining the moisture content of biomass and reducing it to the required level for the use of thermochemical processes have remained as a major concerns. In this study, the hygroscopic nature of oil palm fronds was investigated and the equilibrium moisture content in a specific laboratory room condition (80% relative humidity and 23°C room temperature) was identified. In the investigation the equilibrium moisture content of oil palm fronds was obtained to be 12% on wet basis. The variation of moisture content of different sections of oil palm fronds with particle density was also investigated and it was found that moisture content has positive correlation with density. For the same moisture content the middle part of the frond was found to be denser than the other sections, and the hub section was found to be the least. To investigate the relationship of density with porosity, images of different sections of the frond were taken using scanning electron microscope. The image results show that the porosity of the middle section is lower than the other two sections, while that of the hub section is the highest.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
Research Institutes > Energy
ID Code:7741
Deposited By: Dr Ir Shaharin A Sulaiman
Deposited On:22 Jun 2012 07:05
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:21

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...