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Synthesis and characterizations of ZnO nanoparticles for application in electromagnetic detectors

Zaid , H. M. and Yahya, N. and Akhtar, M. N and Ahmad Sallehim, A.B. (2011) Synthesis and characterizations of ZnO nanoparticles for application in electromagnetic detectors. Journal . ISSN 16625250

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Abstract

Electromagnetic (EM) waves are able to distinguish between water and hydrocarbons due to their high difference in resistivity value. The method that uses EM technology to explore hydrocarbon is called Seabed Logging (SBL). Due to high demand of hydrocarbons, improvement of this technology is needed. The paper consists of modelling of the prototype of EM transmitter and receiver for hydrocarbons exploration. EM transmitter consists of carbon nanotubes (CNT), aluminium wire with magnetic feeder in toroidal shape. ZnO-CNTs-PVDF composites are used for EM detection. The XRD analysis showed a clear diffraction peak of [101] plane at 36° of the 2q. Raman spectra were obtained for ZnO synthesised at 200°Cand 300°Ctemperatures. The initial permeability, Q-factor and relative loss factor were measured using vector network analyser. Results show high value of Q-factor (∼43) of the ZnO-CNTs at frequency between 20-30 MHz. The nanoparticles also show low relative loss factor for frequencies above 10 MHz. The grain size, morphology and shape of the particles were characterized using FESEM and revealed rod-like structures. The CNT dipole transmitter system using improved CNT dipole antenna and CNT-ZnO detector record an enhancement of 192% and can be used for hydrocarbon detection. © (2011) Trans Tech Publications, Switzerland

Item Type:Article
Subjects:L Education > L Education (General)
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Energy
ID Code:7322
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Noorhana Yahya
Deposited On:19 Dec 2011 00:54
Last Modified:01 Apr 2014 09:25

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