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Separation of hydridocarbonyltris(triphenylphosphine) rhodium (I) catalyst using solvent resistant nanofiltration

Shaharun, Maizatul Shima and Mukhtar, Hilmi and Taha, Mohamad Faisal (2011) Separation of hydridocarbonyltris(triphenylphosphine) rhodium (I) catalyst using solvent resistant nanofiltration. In: Malaysia Polymer International Conference, 18-20 October 2011, Bangi, Selangor.

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Abstract

The liquid-phase organic synthesis presents the challenge of developing a membrane that is resistant and at the same time able to reject the catalyst. An investigation was conducted into the nanofiltration of rhodium tris(triphenyl-phosphine) [HRh(CO)(PPh3)3] catalyst used in the hydroformylation of olefins. The large size of the catalyst (>400 Da) – relative to other components of the reaction provides the opportunity for a membrane separation based on retention of the catalyst species while permeating the solvent. The compatibility of the solvent-polyimide membrane (STARMEMTM 122 and STARMEMTM 240) combinations was assessed in terms of the membrane stability in solvent plus non-zero solvent flux at 2.0 MPa. The solvent flux and membrane rejection of HRh(CO)(PPh3)3 was then determined for the catalyst-solvent-membrane combination in a dead-end pressure cell. Good HRh(CO)(PPh3)3 rejection (>0.93) coupled with good solvent fluxes (>72 L/m2∙h1 at 2.0 MPa) were obtained in one of the systems tested. The effect of pressure and catalyst concentration on the solvent flux and catalyst rejection was conducted on catalyst-toluene-membrane systems. Increasing pressure substantially improved both solvent flux and catalyst rejection, while increasing catalyst concentration was found to be beneficial in terms of substantial increases in catalyst rejection without significantly affecting solvent flux. The morphology of the membrane was studied by FESEM.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Departments / MOR / COE:Mission Oriented Research > Nanotechnology
ID Code:6986
Deposited By: Dr Maizatul Shima Shaharun
Deposited On:08 Dec 2011 01:55
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:22

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