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GROUNDWATER FROM FRACTURED GRANITE AND METASEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN THE WEST COAST OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA

Sapari, Nasiman and Raja Azie, Raja Zainariah and Jusoh, Hisyam (2012) GROUNDWATER FROM FRACTURED GRANITE AND METASEDIMENTARY ROCKS IN THE WEST COAST OF PENINSULAR MALAYSIA. [Citation Index Journal]

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Abstract

Hard rock formations consisting of granite and metasedimentary rocks in Peninsular Malaysia have been considered to be of poor aquifers. The hydrogeologic map of the Malay Peninsular, 1975, shows the area underlain by the hard rock as having poor to moderate potential for groundwater production (<230m3/well/day).This paper presents a finding about productive hard rock aquifers in West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia. Data from tubewell drillings carried out for industrial water supply were analyzed. It was found that the hard rocks could yield fresh water up to a maximum 890m3/well/day. The wells were between 50 m and 200 m deep.High discharge rates of groundwater above 300m3/well/day were encountered from wells that penetrate major fracture zones. The hard rocks are generally fractured at various depths. Groundwater in interconnected fractures has a steady flow that sustained production during pumping tests and actual usage of the wells. This phenomenon indicates that the groundwater is being recharged by infiltration of rainwater through the overlying weathered rocks and soils. Tubewells in hardrock of West Coast of Peninsular Malaysia were found to have average discharge rates of 343m3/well/day. However, some of the deep tubewells that are more than 150 m depth, penetrated only weathered granite, are generally non productive (<70m3/well/day). Limited fracture openings and restricted recharge areas are likely to be the reason for the low discharge. Clay particles in fractures were observed to be the factor for the low success rate and poor quality of the water particularly in metasedimentary areas.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Uncontrolled Keywords:groundwater, hard rocks, discharge rates, tubewells
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Academic Subject Two:Geoscience
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Civil Engineering
ID Code:6784
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Nasiman Sapari
Deposited On:21 Nov 2011 06:30
Last Modified:20 Mar 2017 02:15

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