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Evaluation of Surface and Bulk Phases during Oxychlorination/ Reduction Cycles of Pt–Re Catalysts

Fernandez-Garcia, M. and Chong, Fai Kait and Anderson, J.A. and Rochester, C.H. and Haller, G.L. (1999) Evaluation of Surface and Bulk Phases during Oxychlorination/ Reduction Cycles of Pt–Re Catalysts. [Citation Index Journal]

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Abstract

A 0.3 wt% Pt–0.3 wt% Re/Al2O3 catalyst and monometallic 0.3 wt% Pt reference have been studied by X-ray absorption nearedge structure (XANES), hydrogen chemisorption, and n-heptane reforming, at stages during a series of oxychlorination/reduction cycles. The initial precalcined, chlorine-free system contains separate Pt4C and Re7C oxide clusters, which are reduced through a Re intermediate, yielding a Pt–Re alloy. Several chemical characteristics of the Re intermediate and the alloyed phase are revealed by the study. Subsequent oxychlorination of the reduced catalysts leads to the disruption of the alloy particles, producing initially Re7C oxide and Pt4C oxychloride species, with the latter eventually losing most of its chlorine ligands to form an oxide-like phase at higher treatment temperatures. The presence of chlorine influences the behavior of the subsequent reduction process, in particular, modifying the final properties of the zero-valent alloyed phase. The physical and chemical parameters affecting the Cl-induced changes are discussed on the basis of the XANES study.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Fundamental & Applied Sciences
ID Code:4662
Deposited By: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fai Kait Chong
Deposited On:17 Mar 2011 04:03
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:27

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