Study on Fiber Reinforced Epoxy-based Intumescent Coating Formulations and Their Characteristics

Amir, Norlaili and Ahmad, Faiz and Megat-Yusoff, Puteri Sri Melor (2010) Study on Fiber Reinforced Epoxy-based Intumescent Coating Formulations and Their Characteristics. In: International Conference on Plant Equipment and Reliability (ICPER 2010), Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia , 15-17 June 2010, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

[img] Other (Link to website) - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only



The study presented the works on the effects of fibre reinforcement to the char characteristics of epoxy-based intumescent coating formulations. Reinforcing fibres such as glass fibre and carbon fibre that were manually cut to 10mm in length and chopped fibre strands 3mm length into formulations developed using commercial phosphate-based materials i.e. ammonium polyphosphate (APP), pentaerythritol (PER) and melamine (MEL) as the main ingredients. Five formulations; control (without fibre), glass fibre reinforced, carbon fibre reinforced, hybrid fibre (glass and carbon fibres) reinforced and chopped fibre reinforced were prepared. Powder formulations were grinded using Rocklabs grinder and epoxy-mixed using Caframo mixer, where the maximum speed used was 150 rpm and later hand-applied onto primer coated carbon steel substrates at room temperature. Natural drying time at room temperature for the coatings to fully dry was determined. Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) was conducted on epoxy, hardener and the mixes. Char formation and physical properties were investigated after the samples were exposed to high temperature fire tests up to 400 and 800°C, respectively using electric furnace, Carbolite. Char height, weight, crispness, cell structure were examined and compared. Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) characterizations were also conducted to inspect fibre distribution and condition in the coatings as well as in the char. The intumescent coatings prepared get fully dried in one to two days with the formulations having epoxy to hardener ratio of 2:1 demonstrated better fire performance char than 1:1 ratio. The results also showed long- carbon and glass fibres promote improved char’s cell structure, height and strength. Though both promotes more char and experienced less weight loss, carbon fibre was more superior as it did not degraded.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:Q Science > QD Chemistry
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:4434
Deposited By: A.P. Dr Puteri Sri Melor Megat Yusoff
Deposited On:23 Mar 2011 03:05
Last Modified:26 Mar 2014 23:03

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Document Downloads

More statistics for this item...