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Semantic-Based, Scalable, Decentralized and Dynamic Resource Discovery for Internet-Based Distributed System

Hassan, Mahamat. I and Azween, Abdullah (2010) Semantic-Based, Scalable, Decentralized and Dynamic Resource Discovery for Internet-Based Distributed System. PhD thesis, Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS.

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Abstract

Resource Discovery (RD) is a key issue in Internet-based distributed sytems such as grid. RD is about locating an appropriate resource/service type that matches the user’s application requirements. This is very important, as resource reservation and task scheduling are based on it. Unfortunately, RD in grid is very challenging as resources and users are distributed, resources are heterogeneous in their platforms, status of the resources is dynamic (resources can join or leave the system without any prior notice) and most recently the introduction of a new type of grid called intergrid (grid of grids) with the use of multi middlewares. Such situation requires an RD system that has rich interoperability, scalability, decentralization and dynamism features. However, existing grid RD systems have difficulties to attain these features. Not only that, they lack the review and evaluation studies, which may highlight the gap in achieving the required features. Therefore, this work discusses the problem associated with intergrid RD from two perspectives. First, reviewing and classifying the current grid RD systems in such a way that may be useful for discussing and comparing them. Second, propose a novel RD framework that has the aforementioned required RD features. In the former, we mainly focus on the studies that aim to achieve interoperability in the first place, which are known as RD systems that use semantic information (semantic technology). In particular, we classify such systems based on their qualitative use of the semantic information. We evaluate the classified studies based on their degree of accomplishment of interoperability and the other RD requirements, and draw the future research direction of this field. Meanwhile in the latter, we name the new framework as semantic-based scalable decentralized dynamic RD. The framework further contains two main components which are service description, and service registration and discovery models. The earlier consists of a set of ontologies and services. Ontologies are used as a data model for service description, whereas the services are to accomplish the description process. The service registration is also based on ontology, where nodes of the service (service providers) are classified to some classes according to the ontology concepts, which means each class represents a concept in the ontology. Each class has a head, which is elected among its own class nodes/members. Head plays the role of a registry in its class and communicates with the other heads of the classes in a peer to peer manner during the discovery process. We further introduce two intelligent agents to automate the discovery process which are Request Agent (RA) and Description Agent (DA). Each node is supposed to have both agents. DA describes the service capabilities based on the ontology, and RA carries the service requests based on the ontology as well. We design a service search algorithm for the RA that starts the service look up from the class of request origin first, then to the other classes. We finally evaluate the performance of our framework with extensive simulation experiments, the result of which confirms the effectiveness of the proposed system in satisfying the required RD features (interoperability, scalability, decentralization and dynamism). In short, our main contributions are outlined new key taxonomy for the semantic-based grid RD studies; an interoperable semantic description RD component model for intergrid services metadata representation; a semantic distributed registry architecture for indexing service metadata; and an agent-based service search and selection algorithm.

Item Type:Thesis (PhD)
Subjects:Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Megacities
ID Code:3344
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Azween Abdullah
Deposited On:29 Nov 2010 06:24
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:23

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