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Area Analysis of Foveal Avascular Zone in Diabetic Retinopathy Color Fundus Images

Ahmad Fadzil, M Hani and Izhar, Lila Isnita and Nugroho, Hanung Adi (2011) Area Analysis of Foveal Avascular Zone in Diabetic Retinopathy Color Fundus Images. [Citation Index Journal]

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Abstract

Abstract: Foveal avascular zone (FAZ) is the fovea devoid of capillaries in the macular region. An enlargement of FAZ is usually found in eyes with diabetic retinopathy (DR) resulting from a loss of capillaries in the perifoveal capillary network. Monitoring FAZ area enlargement at non-proliferative DR (NPDR) stage enables physicians to take preventive measures to curb progression of the disease to proliferative DR (PDR) stage and visual loss. Currently it is difficult to discern the FAZ area and to measure its enlargement in an objective manner using on color fundus images instead we require performing fundus fluorescein angiogram. Fundus image analysis of FAZ presents several challenges such as high image, improper illumination, glare, fadeout, loss of focus and artifacts arising from reflection, refraction and dispersion. A new automated approach for area analysis of FAZ using color fundus images has been developed. Here, a binary map of retinal vasculature is computer generated from the color fundus image by extraction and reconstruction of retinal vasculature. The binary image is then used to determine vessel ends and pathologies surrounding FAZ for area analysis.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:R Medicine > RE Ophthalmology
Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Departments / MOR / COE:Centre of Excellence > Center for Intelligent Signal and Imaging Research
ID Code:3181
Deposited By: Prof Ir Dr Ahmad Fadzil Mohd Hani
Deposited On:01 Apr 2011 07:01
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:23

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