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Effects Of Chemical Treatment On Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Reinforced High Density Polyethylene Composites

Fatikul Arif, Muhamad and Megat-Yusoff, Puteri Sri Melor and Ahmad, Faiz (2010) Effects Of Chemical Treatment On Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch Reinforced High Density Polyethylene Composites. Journal of Reinforced Polymer Composites, 29 (14). pp. 2105-2118. ISSN 0731-6844

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Official URL: http://www.sagepub.com/

Abstract

A 10%wt oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) fiber reinforced high density polyethylene composites were developed and tested for mechanical properties and water absorption. The fibers were treated with various percentages of alkali, acrylic acid and two types of silanes, α-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane (MTS) and vinyltriethoxysilane (VTS). The fibers treated with 10% alkali, 3% MTS, 3% VTS and 5% acrylic acid showed enhanced tensile strength and modulus compared with that of the untreated fibers reinforced composites. The chemical treatments showed approximately 6% and 18% increase in flexural strength and modulus respectively. The chemical treatments were found to be effective to reduce water absorption of the composites developed. Composites developed from fibers treated with 3% MTS showed highest reduction in water absorption and relatively higher increase in tensile strength and modulus compared to those fibers treated with other types of chemicals and untreated fibers.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:0.573 (2008, 0.763 (latest)
Uncontrolled Keywords:Natural fibers; Chemical treatment, Short-fiber composites, Mechanical properties, Fiber/matrix bond, Water absorption
Subjects:Q Science > Q Science (General)
T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:2693
Deposited By: A.P. Dr Puteri Sri Melor Megat Yusoff
Deposited On:10 Aug 2010 05:07
Last Modified:21 Mar 2014 22:06

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