Reassessment of adsorption-reduction mechanism of hexavalent chromium in attaining practicable mechanistic kinetic model

Ng, Z.-G. and Lim, J.-W. and Daud, H. and Ng, S.-L. and Bashir, M.J.K. (2016) Reassessment of adsorption-reduction mechanism of hexavalent chromium in attaining practicable mechanistic kinetic model. Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 102 . pp. 98-105.

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The insufficiency of mechanistic kinetic model which incorporated the adsorption-coupled reduction mechanism of Cr(VI) was identified and subsequently, reinforced mechanism which better describe the adsorption-reduction of Cr(VI) by sawdust sorbent is proposed. The H+ ion term which was presumably constant in the previous mechanism is currently incorporated into the proposed mechanism, showing the reduction of 2 mol of Cr(VI) require 1 mol of H+ ion. As such, the poorer fit of former kinetic model at increasing initial Cr(VI) concentration and solution pH and decreasing dosage of sawdust was justified. The proposed mechanism is admissible when the H+ concentration is greater than the Cr(VI) concentration at all the arbitrary time of measurement. In the case of reverse condition, the proposed mechanism could no longer describe the Cr(VI) adsorption-reduction process adequately since the surface of sorbent is not fully protonated. The kinetic model derived from the proposed mechanism suggests that the kinetics of Cr(VI) adsorption-reduction is first-order with respect to Cr(VI), organic contents participating in Cr(VI) reduction and H+. Later, the inhibition coefficient derived from the new kinetic model permits the quantification of inhibition effect of various metals acting on the rate of Cr(VI) removal, giving rise to more factual understanding in real application. © 2016 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 7
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adsorption; Chromium; Kinetic parameters; Kinetic theory; Kinetics; Mechanisms; Models; Reduction, Hexavalent chromium; Inhibition coefficient; Inhibition effect; Mechanistic kinetic models; Real applications; Reduction mechanisms; Reduction process; Reinforced mechanism, Chromium compounds
ID Code:25644
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:27 Aug 2021 09:40
Last Modified:27 Aug 2021 09:40

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