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Design and evaluation of a flexible dual-band meander line monopole antenna for on-and off-body healthcare applications

Ali, S.M. and Sovuthy, C. and Noghanian, S. and Ali, Z. and Abbasi, Q.H. and Imran, M.A. and Saeidi, T. and Socheatra, S. (2021) Design and evaluation of a flexible dual-band meander line monopole antenna for on-and off-body healthcare applications. Micromachines, 12 (5).

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

The human body is an extremely challenging environment for wearable antennas due to the complex antenna-body coupling effects. In this article, a compact flexible dual-band planar meander line monopole antenna (MMA) with a truncated ground plane made of multiple layers of standard off-the-shelf materials is evaluated to validate its performance when worn by different subjects to help the designers who are shaping future complex on-/off-body wireless devices. The antenna was fabricated, and the measured results agreed well with those from the simulations. As a reference, in free-space, the antenna provided omnidirectional radiation patterns (ORP), with a wide impedance bandwidth of 1282.4 (450.5) MHz with a maximum gain of 3.03 dBi (4.85 dBi) in the lower (upper) bands. The impedance bandwidth could reach up to 688.9 MHz (500.9 MHz) and 1261.7 MHz (524.2 MHz) with the gain of 3.80 dBi (4.67 dBi) and 3.00 dBi (4.55 dBi), respectively, on the human chest and arm. The stability in results shows that this flexible antenna is sufficiently robust against the variations introduced by the human body. A maximum measured shift of 0.5 and 100 MHz in the wide impedance matching and resonance frequency was observed in both bands, respectively, while an optimal gap between the antenna and human body was maintained. This stability of the working frequency provides robustness against various conditions including bending, movement, and relatively large fabrication tolerances. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Antenna grounds; Bandwidth; Electric impedance; Monopole antennas; Slot antennas; Wearable antennas, Design and evaluations; Fabrication tolerances; Health care application; Impedance bandwidths; Omnidirectional radiation pattern; Resonance frequencies; Truncated ground plane; Wide impedance bandwidths, Directional patterns (antenna)
ID Code:23930
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 13:23
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 13:23

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