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Nanocomposite polymer electrolytes comprising starch-lithium acetate and titania for all-solid-state supercapacitor

Ong, A.C.W. and Shamsuri, N.A. and Zaine, S.N.A. and Panuh, D. and Shukur, M.F. (2021) Nanocomposite polymer electrolytes comprising starch-lithium acetate and titania for all-solid-state supercapacitor. Ionics, 27 (2). pp. 853-865.

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Abstract

A nanocomposite solid polymer electrolyte (SPE) system has been prepared for application in a supercapacitor. Corn starch is used to host the ionic conduction with lithium acetate (LiOAc) salt as an ion provider. Different concentrations of nanosized titanium dioxide (TiO2) filler have been added to analyse the influence of nanofiller addition on the conductivity and other properties of the electrolytes. Structural characterisation and complex formation have been examined by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy, respectively. It is shown that the room temperature conductivity changes with the change in TiO2 concentration. Adding 4 wt. TiO2 to the starch-LiOAc complex leads to an optimum conductivity of (8.37 ± 1.04) � 10�4 S cm�1. The variation in conductivity is accompanied by the change in surface morphology as observed from field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) analysis. Linear sweep voltammetry (LSV) indicates that the electrochemical potential stability window of the electrolyte with 4 wt. TiO2 lies in the range between � 2.0 and + 1.9 V. A supercapacitor has been assembled using the electrolyte, and its performance has been characterised using impedance technique and cyclic voltammetry. © 2020, Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Cyclic voltammetry; Electrolytic capacitors; Field emission microscopes; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Lithium compounds; Morphology; Nanocomposites; Oxide minerals; Scanning electron microscopy; Solid electrolytes; Starch; Supercapacitor; Surface morphology; Titanium dioxide; Volatile fatty acids, All-solid-state supercapacitors; Electrochemical potential; Field emission scanning electron microscopy; Linear sweep voltammetry; Nano-sized titanium dioxide; Nanocomposite polymer electrolyte; Nanocomposite solid polymer electrolytes; Room-temperature conductivity, Polyelectrolytes
ID Code:23850
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 13:08
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 13:08

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