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Utilization of moringa oleifera and nanofiltration membrane to treat palm oil mill effluent (POME) Einsatz von Moringa oleifera und Nanofiltrationsmembranen zur Behandlung von Palmöl-Mühlenabwasser

Naidua, T. and Qadir, D. and Nasir, R. and Mannan, H.A. and Mukhtar, H. and Maqsood, K. and Ali, A. and Abdulrahman, A. (2021) Utilization of moringa oleifera and nanofiltration membrane to treat palm oil mill effluent (POME) Einsatz von Moringa oleifera und Nanofiltrationsmembranen zur Behandlung von Palmöl-Mühlenabwasser. Materialwissenschaft und Werkstofftechnik, 52 (3). pp. 346-356.

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

The palm oil mill effluent imposes environmental issues because of natural and supplement substance. This waste has a significant amount of biological oxygen demand, total suspended solids, chemical oxygen demand, and turbidity. Moringa oleifera seeds� performance analysis as natural coagulants during the pretreatment stage of palm oil mill effluent before it is filtered through commercial nanofiltration membrane is the focus of the current study. The untreated palm oil mill effluent has 2,410 mg/L biological oxygen demand, 3,900 mg/L chemical oxygen demand, 865 NTU turbidity, 41,900 mg/L total suspended solids, and 4.61 pH. The significant reduction occurred in the feed parameters viz., 91.7 for biological oxygen demand, 83.0 for chemical oxygen demand, 67.7 for total dissolved solids, and 72.8 for turbidity after the pretreatment; however, the pH increased to 4.88. Design expert® was used to design the experiments and optimize the palm oil mill effluent pretreatment process via a one-factor experimental design. The optimized solution has a 0.994 desirability index. Finally, it was concluded that with ever-tightening environmental standards, moringa oleifera could provide a cheap, green, and potential natural alternative to the existing coagulants employed to treat the palm oil mill effluent. © 2021 Wiley-VCH GmbH

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Biochemical oxygen demand; Coagulation; Design of experiments; Dissolved oxygen; Effluents; Nanofiltration; Nanofiltration membranes; Turbidity, Biological oxygen demand; Environmental issues; Environmental standards; Palm oil mill effluents; Performance analysis; Pretreatment process; Total dissolved solids; Total suspended solids, Palm oil
ID Code:23834
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 13:09
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 13:09

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