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Role of outer layer configuration on saline concentration sensitivity of optical fiber probe coated with ZnO/Ag nano-heterostructure

Samavati, Z. and Samavati, A. and Fauzi Ismail, A. and Yahya, N. and Rahman, M.A. and Hafiz Dzarfan Othman, M. (2021) Role of outer layer configuration on saline concentration sensitivity of optical fiber probe coated with ZnO/Ag nano-heterostructure. Optics and Laser Technology, 136 .

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Abstract

Accurate monitoring of concentration changes in saline solution is prerequisite to control and minimize the negative effect of salt in water resources. A highly sensitive refractive index (RI) sensor is fabricated via coating a novel zinc oxide/silver (ZnO/Ag) bi-layer having different ZnO nanostructure shapes as an outer layer on partially unclad silica fiber. When the ZnO layer contact to different saline concentrations, its band-gap is altered and modifies the RI of the ZnO layer. The coupling of the evanescent light with surface plasmon resonance (SPR) wave and absorption of evanescent light by the external medium are responsible for observing wavelength shift and intensity changes in the detected spectrum. For vertically oriented ZnO nanorods sample when IR light is used as a light source, by increasing the saline concentration from 0 to 20, the wavelength is shifted from 1564.4 nm to 1573.3 nm and the intensity is dropped to 77 of its maximum value. The superior sensitivity obtained for vertically oriented ZnO sample is attributed to the larger surface area, higher average dispersion relation, better crystallinity, larger surface roughness and greater adhesion (interaction) with salt molecules compare to the other samples. The experimentally demonstrated highest intensity and wavelength sensitivity are 36 dB/RIU and 255 nm/RIU respectively. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Absorption spectroscopy; Crystallinity; Energy gap; II-VI semiconductors; Light sources; Nanorods; Optical fiber fabrication; Optical fibers; Oxide minerals; Plasmons; Refractive index; Saline water; Silica; Silver compounds; Surface plasmon resonance; Surface roughness; Water resources; Zinc coatings, Concentration change; Dispersion relations; Optical fiber probe; Refractive index sensor; Saline concentration; Wavelength sensitivity; Wavelength shift; ZnO nanostructures, Zinc oxide
ID Code:23753
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 10:01
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 10:01

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