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Robots as Assistive Technology Tools to Enhance Cognitive Abilities and Foster Valuable Learning Experiences among Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder

Arshad, N.I. and Hashim, A.S. and Mohd Ariffin, M. and Mohd Aszemi, N. and Low, H.M. and Norman, A.A. (2020) Robots as Assistive Technology Tools to Enhance Cognitive Abilities and Foster Valuable Learning Experiences among Young Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder. IEEE Access, 8 . pp. 116279-116291.

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Abstract

This study examines the efficacy of robots as assistive technology (AT) learning tools for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The study attempts to find answers to whether robots as assistive tools can (i) profoundly improve achievement in learning and (ii) provide valuable learning experiences among this group of children. Using LEGO Mindstorms EV3, a robot was built and programmed to teach the basic concept of place value in mathematics. Eight children with ASD, specifically, four females and four males, participated in the single case study, and six special education teachers took part in the interviews. The children participated in both traditional and robotic intervention lessons and were assessed at the end of each session. The results indicate a positive increase in content knowledge and an improved disposition toward learning, thus demonstrating the potential utilization of robots as AT tools for harnessing classroom learning. Data from the interviews with teachers highlighted four valuable learning experiences that occurred in the classrooms as a result of the robotic interventions; namely, with respect to young children with ASD, the AT (1) promoted interest and engagement, (2) increased attention and focus, (3) triggered interactions and communication, and (4) created a happy and fun learning environment. © 2013 IEEE.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Computer aided instruction; Diseases; Robotics, Assistive technology; Children with autisms; Classroom learning; Cognitive ability; Content knowledge; Learning environments; Learning experiences; Special education, Social robots
ID Code:23323
Deposited By: Ms Sharifah Fahimah Saiyed Yeop
Deposited On:19 Aug 2021 07:25
Last Modified:19 Aug 2021 07:25

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