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Lipase immobilization on fibers grafted with polyglycidyl methachrylate

Alkhatib, M.F.R. and Bahrudin, N.A. and Salleh, H.M. and Nasef, M.M.E. and Ting, T.M. (2019) Lipase immobilization on fibers grafted with polyglycidyl methachrylate. IIUM Engineering Journal, 20 (1). pp. 12-23.

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Abstract

Lipase enzyme originated from wheat germ was immobilized on nylon -6- grafted with polyglycidyl methachrylate (PGMA). The immobilization of enzyme experiments were designed and studied using face centred central composite design (FCCCD) under response surface methodology (RSM). Prior to immobilization, the polymer was activated with diethyl amine/ethanol to introduce an amine functional group to facilitate covalent bonding with the enzyme. The immobilized and free enzymes were characterized for effect of temperature and pH on enzyme activity, stability, storage and reusability as well as kinetics studies. ANOVA revealed that optimum lipase activity of 0.287 U/ml was achieved at immobilization time of 5 h, pH of 6 and 1.0 mg/ml for enzyme concentration. The optimum temperatures and pH for immobilized and free enzymes were 45 °C and 35 °C, and 8 and 7, respectively. The immobilized enzyme showed higher stability compared to free enzyme. The immobilized enzyme retained 18 of its activity after being recycled 8 times. In a storage stability test, immobilized lipase was able to retain 70 of its activity after being stored for 30 days, while free enzyme activity dropped to 15 after 20 days of storage. © 2019, International Islamic University Malaysia-IIUM.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Institute for Sustainable Building
ID Code:22865
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:08 Jul 2019 06:29
Last Modified:08 Jul 2019 06:29

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