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Quantitative analysis of soil erosion causative factors for susceptibility assessment in a complex watershed

Abdulkadir, T.S. and Muhammad, R.U.M. and Wan Yusof, K. and Ahmad, M.H. and Aremu, S.A. and Gohari, A. and Abdurrasheed, A.S. (2019) Quantitative analysis of soil erosion causative factors for susceptibility assessment in a complex watershed. Cogent Engineering, 6 (1).

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Abstract

Susceptibility analysis and mapping are prerequisites to sustainable land-use management and erosion prevention. Selection of appropriate erosion causative factors (CFs) is crucial in developing valid and accurate susceptibility models. However, existing literature lacks specific guidelines for its selection. As such, some important dynamic CFs are often not considered in several previous studies. Thus, this study quantitatively evaluates the impacts of the addition of dynamic CFs to frequently used non-redundant static CFs in erosion susceptibility mapping using remote sensing, geographic information system (GIS) and statistical technique. Revised universal soil loss equation (RUSLE) was used to quantify soil loss and CFs� maps for Cameron Highlands were developed in the GIS environment. The watershed was delineated, and the corresponding CFs were evaluated for each sub-watershed. The frequently used non-redundant CFs considered were lineament density, drainage density, soil erodibility, length-slope and normalized difference vegetation index. Hierarchical regression technique was adopted to evaluate the impacts of the addition of land surface temperature (LST), rainfall erosivity and soil moisture index (SMI). The results revealed that frequently used CFs accounted for 17.9 variation in soil loss. However, the successive inclusion of dynamic CFs such as LST, rainfall erosivity and SMI to the model further increased by 28.9, 6.0 and 16.4, respectively. This suggests that dynamic CFs, which often neglected in erosion susceptibility assessment could further increase modelling accuracy. © 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). This open access article is distributed under a Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) 4.0 license.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Institute for Health Analytics
ID Code:22862
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:11 Jul 2019 11:59
Last Modified:11 Jul 2019 11:59

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