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Improving the light scattering efficiency of photoelectrode dye-sensitized solar cell through optimization of core-shell structure

Zaine, Siti Nur Azella and Mohamed, Norani Muti and Khatani, Mehboob and Samsudin, Adel Eskandar and Shahid, Muhammad Umair (2019) Improving the light scattering efficiency of photoelectrode dye-sensitized solar cell through optimization of core-shell structure. Materials Today Communications, 19 . 220 - 229.

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Official URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...

Abstract

Improving the capability to capture photon radiation by the photoelectrode film is one of the promising efforts in developing high performance dye-sensitized solar cell (DSC) through enhancing the light harvesting efficiency by the incorporation of light scattering centre. The scattering centre serves to extend the optical path length and improve the long-wavelength response of the DSC. This study aims to develop an optimum structure of micron-size SiO2 core and TiO2 nanoshell structure as light scattering centre for the photoelectrode film of DSC. MATLAB simulation of extinction efficiency based on Mie scattering theory estimated that the optimum size of light scatterer scattering size is in the range of 150�250�nm with shell thickness of about 10�45�nm. Integration of 15 SiO2-TiO2 core-shell (STCS) into the upper layer of double layers printed photoelectrode resulted in the highest short circuit current. Although the photoelectrode film embedded with STCS structure seems to have a significant reduction in the amount of anchored dye due to its low surface area, but its IPCE analysis shows better photocurrent response especially in the wavelength range of 400�650�nm. The enhancement is attributed to the effective light scattering of the STCS structure which is capable of extending the travel distance of the incidence photon thus increasing the amount of photon captured by the sensitized dye molecules. Besides, the embedded STCS structures also help in increasing the recombination resistance, reducing rate of electron recombination, hence improving the electron lifetime.

Item Type:Article
Uncontrolled Keywords:Scattering centre, SiO-TiO core-shell, Dye-sensitized solar cell, Mie scattering, Extinction efficiency
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Institute for Autonomous Systems
ID Code:22285
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:28 Feb 2019 12:35
Last Modified:26 Mar 2019 00:50

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