Amine-Aldehyde Chemical Conjugation on a Potassium Hydroxide-Treated Polystyrene ELISA Surface for Nanosensing an HIV-p24 Antigen

Wang, C. and Lakshmipriya, T. and Gopinath, S.C.B. (2019) Amine-Aldehyde Chemical Conjugation on a Potassium Hydroxide-Treated Polystyrene ELISA Surface for Nanosensing an HIV-p24 Antigen. Nanoscale Research Letters, 14 .

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The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) has been widely used for disease surveillance and drug screening due to its relatively higher accuracy and sensitivity. Fine-tuning the ELISA is mandatory to elevate the specific detection of biomolecules at a lower abundance. Towards this end, higher molecular capture on the polystyrene (PS) ELISA surface is crucial for efficient detection, and it could be attained by immobilizing the molecules in the correct orientation. It is highly challenging to immobilize protein molecules in a well-aligned manner on an ELISA surface due to charge variations. We employed a 3-(aminopropyl) triethoxysilane (APTES)- and glutaraldehyde (GLU)-coupled PS surface chemical strategy to demonstrate the high performance with ELISA. A potassium hydroxide treatment followed by an equal ratio of 1 APTES and GLU attachment was found to be optimal, and a longer incubation with GLU favored maximum sensitivity. p24 is a vital early secreting antigen for diagnosing human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and it has been used for efficient detection with the above chemistry. Three different procedures were followed, and they led to the improved detection of the HIV-p24 antigen at 1 nM, which is a 30-fold higher level compared to a conventional ELISA surface. The surface chemical functionalization shown here also displays a higher specificity with human serum and HIV-TAT. The above approach with the designed surface chemistry could also be recommended for disease diagnosis on other sensing surfaces involving the interaction of the probe and the analyte in heterogeneous test samples. © 2019, The Author(s).

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:Aldehydes; Antigens; Chemical analysis; Diagnosis; Enzymes; Molecular orientation; Molecules; Polystyrenes; Potassium hydroxide; Surface chemistry; Viruses, 3-(aminopropyl)triethoxysilane; Disease surveillance; Efficient detection; Enzyme linked immunosorbent assay; Heterogeneous tests; Human immunodeficiency virus; Maximum sensitivity; Surface chemical functionalization, Diseases
ID Code:22275
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:28 Feb 2019 02:43
Last Modified:28 Feb 2019 02:43

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