Efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to levulinic acid using acidic ionic liquids

Khan, A.S. and Man, Z. and Bustam, M.A. and Nasrullah, A. and Ullah, Z. and Sarwono, A. and Shah, F.U. and Muhammad, N. (2018) Efficient conversion of lignocellulosic biomass to levulinic acid using acidic ionic liquids. Carbohydrate Polymers, 181 . pp. 208-214.

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In the present research work, dicationic ionic liquids, containing 1,4-bis(3-methylimidazolium-1-yl) butane (C4(Mim)2) cation with counter anions (2HSO4)(H2SO4)0, (2HSO4)(H2SO4)2 and (2HSO4)(H2SO4)4 were synthesised. ILs structures were confirmed using 1H NMR spectroscopy. Thermal stability, Hammett acidity, density and viscosity of ILs were determined. Various types of lignocellulosic biomass such as rubber wood, palm oil frond, bamboo and rice husk were converted into levulinic acid (LA). Among the synthesized ionic liquids, C4(Mim)2(2HSO4)(H2SO4)4 showed higher % yield of LA up to 47.52 from bamboo biomass at 110 °C for 60 min, which is the better yield at low temperature and short time compared to previous reports. Surface morphology, surface functional groups and thermal stability of bamboo before and after conversion into LA were studied using SEM, FTIR and TGA analysis, respectively. This one-pot production of LA from agro-waste will open new opportunity for the conversion of sustainable biomass resources into valuable chemicals. © 2017

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords:Bamboo; Biomass; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; Liquids; Negative ions; Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy; Oils and fats; Optimization; Organic acids; Palm oil; Temperature; Thermodynamic stability, 1H NMR spectroscopy; Acidic ionic liquids; Dicationic ionic liquids; Hammett acidities; Levulinic acid; Lignocellulosic biomass; Surface functional groups; Valuable chemicals, Ionic liquids
ID Code:21825
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 02:02
Last Modified:01 Aug 2018 02:02

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