Experimental study on electromagnetic-assisted ZnO nanofluid flooding for enhanced oil recovery (EOR)

Adil, M. and Lee, K. and Zaid, H.M. and Latiff, N.R.A. and Alnarabiji, M.S. (2018) Experimental study on electromagnetic-assisted ZnO nanofluid flooding for enhanced oil recovery (EOR). PLoS ONE, 13 (2).

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Recently, nano-EOR has emerged as a new frontier for improved and enhanced oil recovery (IOR & EOR). Despite their benefits, the nanoparticles tend to agglomerate at reservoir conditions which cause their detachment from the oil/water interface, and are consequently retained rather than transported through a porous medium. Dielectric nanoparticles including ZnO have been proposed to be a good replacement for EOR due to their high melting point and thermal properties. But more importantly, these particles can be polarized under electromagnetic (EM) irradiation, which provides an innovative smart Nano-EOR process denoted as EM-Assisted Nano-EOR. In this study, parameters involved in the oil recovery mechanism under EM waves, such as reducing mobility ratio, lowering interfacial tensions (IFT) and altering wettability were investigated. Two-phase displacement experiments were performed in sandpacks under the water-wet condition at 95C, with permeability in the range of 265�300 mD. A crude oil from Tapis oil field was employed; while ZnO nanofluids of two different particle sizes (55.7 and 117.1 nm) were prepared using 0.1 wt. nanoparticles that dispersed into brine (3 wt. NaCl) along with SDBS as a dispersant. In each flooding scheme, three injection sequential scenarios have been conducted: (i) brine flooding as a secondary process, (ii) surfactant/nano/EM-assisted nano flooding, and (iii) second brine flooding to flush nanoparticles. Compare with surfactant flooding (2 original oil in place/ OOIP) as tertiary recovery, nano flooding almost reaches 8.5�10.2 of OOIP. On the other hand, EM-assisted nano flooding provides an incremental oil recovery of approximately 9�10.4 of OOIP. By evaluating the contact angle and interfacial tension, it was established that the degree of IFT reduction plays a governing role in the oil displacement mechanism via nano-EOR, compare to mobility ratio. These results reveal a promising way to employ water-based ZnO nanofluid for enhanced oil recovery purposes at a relatively high reservoir temperature. © 2018 Adil et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords:petroleum; sodium chloride; zinc oxide nanoparticle; nanoparticle; petroleum; zinc oxide, Article; contact angle; controlled study; dispersion; electromagnetic assisted nano enhanced oil recovery; electromagnetic radiation; energy recovery; experimental study; high temperature; oil field; particle size; permeability; wettability; chemistry; ecosystem restoration; electromagnetism; procedures, Electromagnetic Fields; Environmental Restoration and Remediation; Nanoparticles; Petroleum; Zinc Oxide
ID Code:21791
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 02:04
Last Modified:01 Aug 2018 02:04

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