A review of powder additive manufacturing processes for metallic biomaterials

Harun, W.S.W. and Kamariah, M.S.I.N. and Muhamad, N. and Ghani, S.A.C. and Ahmad, F. and Mohamed, Z. (2018) A review of powder additive manufacturing processes for metallic biomaterials. Powder Technology, 327 . pp. 128-151.

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Metal additive manufacturing (metal-AM) has undergone a remarkable evolution over the past three decades. It was first used solely as an innovative resource of the prototype. Due to the technology maturity which allows combining various manufacturing processes for the production of a bespoke part that applied complex geometries, additive manufacturing (AM) technology has captured an increasing attention. For the past ten years, it has moved into the mainstream of the industrialised field such as biomedicine. The review covers the recent progress of metal-AM manufacturing technologies, main types of metallic biomaterials, and most common biomedical applications. The direction of the future potential of metal-AM in biomedical research and implementation are further discussed. Selective laser melting (SLM), selective laser sintering (SLS), electron beam melting (EBM), and laser engineered net shaping (LENS) are the most common metal-based additive manufacturing processes employed in the production of the biocompatible parts. The evolution and favourite trend of the metal-AM technologies are highlighted in this review. Additionally, the advancement of metallic biomaterials such as titanium and its alloys, cobalt-based alloys, 316L stainless steel, nickel-titanium, and other metallic biomaterials is also presented since it leads to the transpired of several new studies in the scope of metal-AM in the medical field. The rise of metal-AM in the biomedical industry has also been significant, especially in orthopaedics and dental. The metal-AM is predicted to continue to dominate and further benefit the biomedical industry development. © 2017 Elsevier B.V.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 4
Uncontrolled Keywords:Alloy steel; Biocompatibility; Cobalt alloys; Laser heating; Manufacture; Medical applications; Melting; Metals; Orthopedics; Powder metallurgy; Powder metals; Sintering; Stainless steel; Titanium; Titanium alloys, Additive manufacturing process; Biomedical applications; Laser engineered net shaping; Manufacturing technologies; Metal additives; Metallic biomaterials; Selective laser melting; Selective laser sintering, 3D printers, alloy; biomaterial; cobalt; metal derivative; nickel; nitinol; stainless steel; titanium, additive manufacturing; biocompatibility; biomechanics; biomedical engineering; chemical structure; electron beam melting; human; laser engineered net shaping; nonhuman; physical phenomena; powder; Review; selective laser melting; selective laser sintering; technology
ID Code:21744
Deposited By: Mr Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 02:05
Last Modified:01 Aug 2018 02:05

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