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Insight into wastewater decontamination using polymeric adsorbents

Alaba, P.A. and Oladoja, N.A. and Sani, Y.M. and Ayodele, O.B. and Mohammed, I.Y. and Olupinla, S.F. and Daud, W.M.W. (2018) Insight into wastewater decontamination using polymeric adsorbents. Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering, 6 (2). pp. 1651-1672.

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Abstract

The use of polymeric adsorbent for decontamination of various sources of water was critically reviewed. This arises from the alarming increase in water scarcity in many parts of the world due to increase in population, which exerts immense pressure on the available water resources. Treatment of wastewater, stormwater and seawater via series of technological pathways like adsorption, desalination, advanced oxidation and solid-phase microextraction constitute new strategies for removal of toxins, antibiotics, complex matrix samples, and heavy metals for sustainable production of potable drinking water. This study reviewed the use of polymeric adsorbents such as nano-magnetic polymers (NMPs), polysaccharides, extracellular polymeric substances (EPS), and covalent organic polymers (COPs) for effective decontamination of water. These materials were critically analyzed with emphasis on their characteristics, strengths, drawbacks, as well as the enhancement techniques. Furthermore, the mechanisms of adsorption involved were also discussed. This review shows that polymeric adsorbents have demonstrated remarkable removal efficiency for several contaminants. © 2018 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 1
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adsorbents; Chemicals removal (water treatment); Chitosan; Cyclodextrins; Decontamination; Desalination; Heavy metals; Nanomagnetics; Potable water; Wastewater treatment; Water; Water resources; Water treatment, Extra-cellular polymeric substances; Magnetic polymers; Polymeric adsorbent; Removal efficiencies; Solid-phase microextraction; Sustainable production; Technological pathways; Wastewater decontamination, Organic polymers
ID Code:21668
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:01 Aug 2018 02:11
Last Modified:01 Aug 2018 02:11

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