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Dry reforming of methane for hydrogen production over Ni�Co catalysts: Effect of Nb�Zr promoters

Abd Ghani, N.A. and Azapour, A. and Syed Muhammad, A.F. and Abdullah, B. (2018) Dry reforming of methane for hydrogen production over Ni�Co catalysts: Effect of Nb�Zr promoters. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy .

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Abstract

Ni/Al2O3, Ni�Co/Al2O3�MgO and Ni�Co/Al2O3�MgO/Nb�Zr nanocatalysts were prepared by the sol-gel technique with citric acid and tested in the dry reforming of methane (DRM). In this paper, the effects of Nb and Zr addition as promoters in Al2O3�MgO supported catalysts on the physicochemical characteristics and the reaction performance in the DRM were investigated. The Nb�Zr promoters are expected to enhance the activity and performance of the catalyst due to its high thermal stability and also improvement in the metal dispersion of the catalyst. The catalysts samples were characterized by FESEM, BET, XRD, TEM, H2-TPR and CO2-TPD techniques. FESEM results demonstrated that Ni�Co/Al2O3�MgO/Nb�Zr has more uniform and well-dispersion of metal than Ni�Co/Al2O3�MgO. The BET results unravel that the addition of Nb�Zr promoters increase the surface area of the synthesized catalyst due to the high surface area of the promoters. There is a formation of MgAl2O4 spinel-type solid solution proved by the XRD and CO2-TPD analysis due to the interaction between alumina lattice and magnesium metal which has high resistance to carbon formation. The DRM reaction is performed in the tubular furnace reactor at 1073.15 K, 1 atm and a CH4/CO2 ratio of unity. The sol-gelled Ni�Co/Al2O3�MgO/Nb�Zr was found to be the most proper choice for DRM which illustrates much higher conversion (86.96 for CH4 conversion and 87.84 for CO2 conversion) compared to the other catalysts. This is due to the strong interaction between active metals and supports, resistance to coke formation and higher stability in DRM reaction. © 2018 Hydrogen Energy Publications LLC

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0; Article in Press
ID Code:21362
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:25 Sep 2018 06:36
Last Modified:25 Sep 2018 06:36

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