Process and energy analysis of pelleting agricultural and woody biomass blends

Harun, N.Y. and Parvez, A.M. and Afzal, M.T. (2018) Process and energy analysis of pelleting agricultural and woody biomass blends. Sustainability (Switzerland), 10 (6).

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Unprocessed biomass has low energy density and high transportation cost. The energy generated through biomass can be enhanced by the pelletizing technique. In order to evaluate the energy requirement for the pelletizing of agricultural biomass, three different particle sizes (150-300, 300-425, and 425-600 μm) of reed canary grass (RCG), timothy hay (TH), and switchgrass (SW) were selected in the present work. Furthermore, two woody biomasses (spruce and pine) were also considered under similar experimental conditions for comparison purposes. An Instron machine attached to an in-house built pelletizer unit was employed to produce a single pellet. The energy demand for compacting ground biomass (spruce) with a particle size of 150 μm was lower (2.07 kJ) than those required for particle sizes of 300 μm (2.24 kJ) and 425 μm (2.43 kJ). The energy required for compacting ground reed canary grass, timothy hay, and switchgrass was lower (1.61, 1.97, and 1.68 kJ, respectively) than that required for spruce (2.36 kJ) and pine (2.35 kJ), evaluated at a 159-MPa load and at temperature of about 80 °C. The energy demand for blended biomass was around 2 kJ with the pellet quality approaching that of the pellets made from woody biomass. Overall, blending helped to improve the quality of pellets and lower the compaction energy requirements. © 2018 by the authors.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Uncontrolled Keywords:biomass; detection method; energy balance; experimental study; grass; machinery; temperature effect; woody plant, Panicum virgatum; Phalaris arundinacea; Phleum pratense; Picea
ID Code:20911
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:26 Feb 2019 02:42
Last Modified:26 Feb 2019 02:42

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