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Synthesis and mixed integer programming based optimization of cryogenic packed bed pipeline network for purification of natural gas

Ali, A. and Maqsood, K. and Shin, L.P. and Sellappah, V. and Garg, S. and Shariff, A.B.M. and Ganguly, S. (2018) Synthesis and mixed integer programming based optimization of cryogenic packed bed pipeline network for purification of natural gas. Journal of Cleaner Production, 171 . pp. 795-810.

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Abstract

The variation of temperature, pressure and composition during cryogenic purification of natural gas using cryogenic packed bed network significantly affects separation. The present work aims to optimize cryogenic packed bed network for maximum product purity with minimum hydrocarbon losses. The separation concept between components of natural gas is based on the difference in freezing points of individual components and their composition in the mixture. The overall process of cryogenic packed bed pipeline network consists of the initial cooling of each bed, the capture of individual component and regeneration of each bed. In previous studies, the process concept of cryogenic packed bed network was validated using experimentation but the optimization study was not carried out. The simulation results and thermodynamic behavior of the individual component in the mixture are included to further explain the process concept. The sensitivity study was carried out to investigate the effect of the temperature and the pressure of each packed bed. For sensitivity study, node-edge schemes were developed and discussed in details by changing operating conditions of packed beds. Based on the node-edge scheme analysis, the optimum values for both temperature and pressures were selected for maximum separation and minimum methane loss. The energy requirements for both dehydration and CO2 removal were calculated experimentally and compared with simulation results. For the simulation results, Aspen Hysys simulator was used along with Peng-Robinson fluid package. The energy requirements for both simulation and experimental results were calculated at atmospheric and high pressures. Both local and global optima were calculated using golden section search and depth-first strategy. The initial local optima result showed that the product purity can reach up to 77 methane, further optimization using depth-first strategy showed the product purity up to 94 with reduction of hydrocarbon losses from 39 to 16. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 2
Uncontrolled Keywords:Air purification; Biofuels; Carbon dioxide; Chromium compounds; Cryogenics; Hydrocarbon refining; Hydrocarbons; Integer programming; Methane; Mixtures; Natural gas; Pipelines; Purification; Separation; Temperature, Changing operating conditions; CO2 capture; Golden section search; Individual components; Mixed integer programming; Process intensification; Temperature and pressures; Thermodynamic behaviors, Packed beds
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Institute for Contaminant Management
ID Code:20733
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:26 Jul 2018 05:20
Last Modified:11 Oct 2018 01:51

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