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Flame development characteristics at variable swirl level inductions in a stratified CNG direct injection combustion engine

Anbese, Yohannes Timarat and Abdul Aziz, A. R. and Abdul Karim, Z. A. (2009) Flame development characteristics at variable swirl level inductions in a stratified CNG direct injection combustion engine. [Citation Index Journal]

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Abstract

The study of flame development characteristics is crucial in the study of flame propagation, extinction, and for the investigation of combustion cyclic variability in SI engine. The aim of this study is to investigate the characteristics of flame development in a lean-stratified combustion of Natural Gas Engine (CNG) in a single cylinder direct injection (DI) engine at a specific motor speed, and fixed injection timing and air-fuel ratio by varying only the swirl level at the intake. The engine was set to run at 1800 rpm with half-load throttled. The ignition advance was set at 21.5 BTDC, and to create an overall lean and stratified mixture, injection timing was set at 61 BTDC with an air-fuel-ratio of 40.5 (lamda=2.35). Variable turbulent flow conditions near spark-plug were created by positioning the swirl control valves (SCV) at the intake port just before the two intake valves. This was done by setting one ofthe valves at full open position and the other one at 0% closed, 50% closed and 100% closed positions in order to achieve medium tumble (no swirl), medium swirl and high swirl flows in the cylinder, respectively. An endoscope and CCD camera assembly was utilized to capture the flame images from the tumble plane at the intake side ofthe engine every 2 CA degrees after ignition timing (AIT) for 40 CAs. It was observed that flame growth rate and flame convection velocity are increasing with increasing the swirl level. The total combustion duration is, thus, shorter in swirl induced combustion than without. However, COV in IMEP is greater in swirl induced flow cases than the medium tumble.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Mechanical Engineering
ID Code:2024
Deposited By: AP Dr Zainal Ambri Abdul Karim
Deposited On:05 May 2010 10:02
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:25

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