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Pilot scale intensification of rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis) oil via chemical interesterification using hydrodynamic cavitation technology

Bokhari, A. and Yusup, S. and Chuah, L.F. and Klemeš, J.J. and Asif, S. and Ali, B. and Akbar, M.M. and Kamil, R.N.M. (2017) Pilot scale intensification of rubber seed (Hevea brasiliensis) oil via chemical interesterification using hydrodynamic cavitation technology. Bioresource Technology, 242 . pp. 272-282.

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Abstract

Chemical interesterification of rubber seed oil has been investigated for four different designed orifice devices in a pilot scale hydrodynamic cavitation (HC) system. Upstream pressure within 1–3.5 bar induced cavities to intensify the process. An optimal orifice plate geometry was considered as plate with 1 mm dia hole having 21 holes at 3 bar inlet pressure. The optimisation results of interesterification were revealed by response surface methodology; methyl acetate to oil molar ratio of 14:1, catalyst amount of 0.75 wt. and reaction time of 20 min at 50 °C. HC is compared to mechanical stirring (MS) at optimised values. The reaction rate constant and the frequency factor of HC were 3.4-fold shorter and 3.2-fold higher than MS. The interesterified product was characterised by following EN 14214 and ASTM D 6751 international standards. © 2017 Elsevier Ltd

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 2
Departments / MOR / COE:Division > Academic > Faculty of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
ID Code:19882
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:22 Apr 2018 13:13
Last Modified:22 Apr 2018 13:13

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