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Implementation of Definite Screening Design in Optimization of In Situ Hydrolysis of EFB in Cholinium Acetate and Locally Produced Cellulase Combined System

Elgharbawy, A.A. and Alam, M.Z. and Kabbashi, N.A. and Moniruzzaman, M. and Jamal, P. (2017) Implementation of Definite Screening Design in Optimization of In Situ Hydrolysis of EFB in Cholinium Acetate and Locally Produced Cellulase Combined System. Waste and Biomass Valorization, 8 (3). pp. 839-850.

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Official URL: https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2....

Abstract

Purpose: Ionic liquids (ILs) have been found to be highly promising for lignocellulosic biomass pretreatment, due to their excellent abilities to dissolve biopolymers. However, they have found to inactivate enzymes. In previous studies, Cholinium-based ILs showed great compatibility with cellulases and thus were introduced for a combined-system. This study aims to find the optimum condition in order to achieve the maximum pretreatment-hydrolysis of empty fruit bunches (EFB). Methods: Definitive screening design (DSD) was employed with seven factors that are thought to impact the process including pretreatment temperature, pretreatment time, hydrolysis time, enzyme loading, particle size, biomass loading, and IL/buffer ratio. DSD offered several solutions for optimization in which they were experimentally tested. Results: The maximum sugar concentration (77 g/L) was obtained at 90 °C, 70–116 min of treatment, 36–42 h of hydrolysis, 40–62 Unit/g cellulase loading, 34–35 , w/v) biomass loading, 220–450 μ particle size, and 10 (v/v) IL to buffer ratio, respectively. The subsequent optimization by response surface methodology (RSM) revealed the temperature for treatment can drop to 75 °C while fixing the pretreatment time at 100 min. Around 75 unit/g of cellulase and >22.0 (w/v) of the biomass could be loaded to achieve a minimum of 70.0 ± 7.83 g/L of sugar, equivalent to 0.38 ± 0.08 g glucose/g and 0.48 ± 0.05 g total reducing sugar/g dry EFB. Conclusions: The locally produced cellulase (PKC-Cel) from Trichoderma reesei exhibited promising results in the single-step process and can be used as an efficient approach to be optimized for fermentation to bioethanol production. Graphical Abstract: Figure not available: see fulltext. © 2016, Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:cited By 0
Departments / MOR / COE:Division > Academic > Faculty of Engineering > Chemical Engineering
ID Code:19556
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:20 Apr 2018 07:05
Last Modified:20 Apr 2018 07:05

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