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Physico-chemical method for ammonia removal from synthetic wastewater using limestone and GAC in batch and column studies

Hussain, S. and Aziz, H.A. and Isa, M.H. and Adlan, M.N. and Asaari , F.A.H. (2006) Physico-chemical method for ammonia removal from synthetic wastewater using limestone and GAC in batch and column studies. Bioresource Technology, Volume 98, Issue 4, 874-880, 98 (4). pp. 874-880.

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to examine the removal of ammoniacal nitrogen (NH4-N) from synthetic wastewater using limestone (LS) and granular activated carbon (GAC) mixture as low cost adsorbent. In batch study, optimum shaking and settling times were 150 and 120 min, respectively. The LS–GAC mixture ratio of 25:15 removed about 58% NH4-N. The smaller particle size of medium yielded higher adsorption capacity. The equilibrium adsorption data followed the Freundlich isotherm (R2 > 0.98) but it showed weak bond. Adsorption kinetics were well described by the pseudo second-order rate model (R2 > 0.93). The upflow column showed that higher flow rate and initial concentration resulted in shorter column saturation time. The study showed that the usage of GAC could be reduced by combining GAC with LS for the removal of NH4-N from wastewater; thus reducing the cost of treatment.

Item Type:Article
Impact Factor:4.453
Uncontrolled Keywords:Adsorption isotherms; Adsorption kinetics; Ammoniacal–nitrogen removal; Column filtration; Granular activated carbon (GAC); Limestone (LS)
Subjects:T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Civil Engineering
ID Code:1314
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Mohamed Hasnain Isa
Deposited On:20 Apr 2010 03:04
Last Modified:19 Jan 2017 08:27

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