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Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering

Ayman Qadrouh, José M Carcione, Ahmed M Salim, Zuhar Zahir Tuan , . (2015) Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering. Journal of Natural Gas Science and Engineering .

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Official URL: http://www.lucabaradello.it/carcione/QCSH15.pdf

Abstract

Bottom simulation re fl ectors (BSR) are seismic events generally corresponding to a partially saturated layer with gas separating hydrate-bearing sediments from brine-saturated sediments. Seismic attenua- tion and velocity dispersion affects the waveform of the BSR event. In this work, we consider a 1D methodology to study the effects of seismic Q , velocity dispersion, layer thickness and properties and characteristics of the overburden on the re fl ection coef fi cients and waveform of such event. We describe the media by using a rock-physics model based on poroelasticity, calculate the re fl ection coef fi cient of the BSR layer of varying thickness and compute the waveforms with a full-wave pseudospectral method. The proposed rock-physics/modeling methodology is fast in terms of computer requirements and can be used to quantify the seismic properties and compute waveforms useful for seismic interpretation and inversion of quantities such as porosity, hydrate content, gas saturation, clay content and thickness of the BSR layer. We show that in many cases the interpretation can be counterintuitive and a proper rock- physics methodology is essential to reach valid conclusions about the in fl uence of the different pa- rameters on the wave properties.

Item Type:Article
Subjects:T Technology > T Technology (General)
Academic Subject One:Academic Department - Petroleum Geosciences - Petrophysics - Petrophysical data acquisition
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Geoscience & Petroleum Engineering
ID Code:12206
Deposited By: Ahmad Suhairi
Deposited On:01 Jun 2017 05:46
Last Modified:01 Jun 2017 05:46

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