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The Performance of the SPH Method in Simulating Surface runoff Along a Saturated Soil Slope

Dakssa, L.M. and Harahap, I.S.H. (2013) The Performance of the SPH Method in Simulating Surface runoff Along a Saturated Soil Slope. [Citation Index Journal] (In Press)

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Abstract

Rainfall-induced slope failures are one of the most disastrous and frequently occurring natural hazards. Hence, it is indispensible to predict their occurrence and their post-failure velocity in order to save lives and properties in mountainous areas. The rain that falls on a soil slope results in either infi ltration or surface runoff, depending on the site characteristics. For saturated soil slopes, the amount of rain that goes as infi ltration is usually less than the amount that goes as runoff. As a result, surface runoff scours the slope surface, thereby removing the soil slope protecting covers and eventually putting the slope, at least, in a marginally stable condition. This article reports the performance of the smoothed particle hydrodynamics numerical scheme in simulating runoff along a saturated soil slope with emphasis on predicting the velocity of fl ow. The average velocity of fl ow using the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method was compared with the average value obtained using a standard open-channel hydraulics empirical equation. The results show that the smoothed particle hydrodynamics method could be used as an alternative method for predicting the runoff velocity along a soil slope in hilly areas.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General)
Academic Subject One:civil
Departments / MOR / COE:Departments > Civil Engineering
ID Code:10723
Deposited By: Dr Indra S. H. Harahap
Deposited On:16 Dec 2013 23:48
Last Modified:16 Dec 2013 23:48

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