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Utilization of Kapok Seed as Potential Feedstock for Biodiesel Production

NORAZAHAR, NORAFNEEZA and Ahmad, Junaid and Abu Bakar, Suliana (2012) Utilization of Kapok Seed as Potential Feedstock for Biodiesel Production. In: 7th IASME/WSEAS International Conference on energy and environment (EE 12).

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Abstract

The huge development in industry and growth in population resulted in increase the demand of fuel. Now the fossil fuel depletion grabs the world’s attention towards renewable energy sources. Biodiesel is one of the alternatives due to environment friendly, free from sulfur and reduced carbon dioxide emission. The researcher explored a new non edible feedstock for the biodiesel production known as Kapok seed oil (Ceiba pentadra). The Kapok seed contains 22-25% wt/wt oil contents. The experimental design consists of two steps. The first is the reduction of the free fatty acid (FFA) of oil to 1.37 KOH/g, by using sulfuric acid as the catalyst, and the another step is the treated oil is converted into fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) by transesterification with potassium hydroxide (KOH) as the catalyst. The fuel properties of the biodiesel were analyzed and compared to ASTM D6751 and EN14214 standards.

Item Type:Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects:T Technology > TR Photography
Academic Subject One:Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Biofuel
Departments / MOR / COE:Research Institutes > Green Technology
ID Code:10626
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Suzana Yusup
Deposited On:16 Dec 2013 23:48
Last Modified:16 Dec 2013 23:48

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