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Study of Fuel Properties of Rubber Seed Oil Based Biodiesel

Ahmad, Junaid and Bokhari, Awais (2013) Study of Fuel Properties of Rubber Seed Oil Based Biodiesel. [Citation Index Journal] (In Press)

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Abstract

The scarcity of the fossil fuel, environmental pollution and food crisis are the world's major issues in current era. Biodiesel is an alternative to diesel fuel, environment friendly and biodegradable and is produced from either edible or non-edible oils. In this study, a non-edible rubber seed oil (RSO) with high free fatty acid (FFA) content of 45% were used for the production of biodiesel. The process comprises of two steps. The first step is the acid esterification to reduce the FFA value and the second step is the base transesterification. The response surface methodology (RSM) was used for parametric optimization of the two stage processes i.e. acid esterification and base transesterification. The yield of biodiesel was analyzed using gas charomatrogphy. The FTIR spectrum was also determined to confirm the conversion of fatty acid to methyl esters. The fuel properties were tested using the standard procedure of ASTM D6751 and EN14214.The properties were within the ranges of the biodiesel standards.

Item Type:Citation Index Journal
Subjects:T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Academic Subject One:Academic Department - Chemical Engineering - Biofuel
Departments / MOR / COE:Mission Oriented Research > Green Technology
ID Code:10625
Deposited By: Assoc Prof Dr Suzana Yusup
Deposited On:16 Dec 2013 23:48
Last Modified:16 Dec 2013 23:48

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